The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Three – Historical Tidbit

At the start of Chapter 3 in The Prince and the Pauper, Tom Canty is wandering aimlessly around the streets of London. Along the way, there are a number of different historical sites that are mentioned. Were these places named and described actually around in Tudor times, and are they still around today? In today’s post we explore…

Tudor London vs. Modern-Day London

Tom’s journey to Westminster to meet Edward creates a great focal point for this week’s Historical Tidbit. Keep reading or watch the video below to explore the London of The Prince and the Pauper!

Below you will find the Ch. 3 excerpt containing the London locations we will be exploring in this post:

“By-and-by he [Tom] found himself at Temple BarThe Strand had ceased to be a country-road then…Tom discovered Charing Village presently, and rested himself at the beautiful cross built there by a bereaved king of earlier days…then idled down a quiet, lovely road, past the great cardinal’s stately palace, toward a far more might and majestic palace beyond—Westminster.” (p. 8)

Temple Bar

Temple Bar is actually not the name of a bar/pub in London (though it is the name of one in Dublin, Ireland). Rather, it is one of the original gateways into the city of London. Originally it was probably a chain/bar across two posts. Also it was originally located near a place in London referred to as “The Temple”. It has been both rebuilt and moved since Tudor times.

The Strand

The Strand is a road cutting through some of the major areas of the Westminster area in London. It has existed since before Tudor times. The name comes from an Old English word that means the edge of the river, as the road mostly follows the shape of the Thames River.

Charing Village

Charing Village (now known as Charing Cross) was a region that you would come across while walking down The Strand. The name “Charing” also comes from Old English for the bend in the Thames River. It starting being referred to as “Charing Cross” due to the large cross situated there.

Eleanor Cross

The Eleanor Crosses (there were originally 12) were put up by King Edward I. They feature an ornately decorated stone monument topped with a cross. They are a tribute to Edward’s first wife Eleanor, who passed away. The crosses each represent the different stopping points along the route they followed to bring her body to London. The cross that was originally in Charing has been replicated and can be found at the Charing Cross railway station.

Westminster

Westminster is still a very famous landmark in London. At one point, it contained royal apartments where they royal family would live. This appears to be the main residence for Edward Tudor and his family in The Prince and the Pauper. However, in reality, the royal apartments burned down before that time period. Around that time the Whitehall Palace was build nearby instead. However, it is more likely that Edward’s home was Hampton Court, a little outside of London. This was the primary residence of Henry VIII and Edward VI at the time Edward was alive. Nowadays you can still go the government portions of Westminster as well as Westminster Abbey, the church where Edward’s Coronation took place.

Edward’s Route

So what does this actual route look like when it is mapped out?

And what would this route look like modern-day?

Obviously since some of the locations have technically changed this is not the exact route Edward would have taken, but it’s pretty close. So if he had walked without stopping from Temple Bar to Westminster it would have taken about 30 minutes.

If you think looking at maps comparing old and modern times is interesting, check out Layers of London. You can choose a map from a particular time period and it is aligned with a modern-day map to compare landmarks throughout the different time periods. It was very cool; check it out!


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References

https://www.thetemplebar.info/history.html

https://london.wikia.org/wiki/Strand

https://knowyourlondon.wordpress.com/2016/01/11/westminster-year-5/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Eleanor_Memorial_Cross

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palace_of_Westminster

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Three – Fun Fact

Chapter 3 is a big chapter for both Tom and Edward, as they meet in person for the first time. When they switch outfits for fun and look in the mirror, they come to the realization that they look incredibly similar. Though this feels like an entirely unrealistic portion of the story, this phenomenon is not merely fictional. There are many true stories of people who have had a similar experience. Today we are exploring…

DOPPELGANGERS

What a fascinating concept! Imagine walking through the grocery story and bumping into a person. When you make eye contact with them to apologize, you find yourself starting into your own face. Experts say the chances of something like this happening are statistically pretty low, but it’s not impossible. Keep reading or watch the video below to see how likely it is that you have a twin stranger somewhere in the world!

What is a doppelganger?

“Doppelganger” is a German word meaning “double-goer” or “double-walker”. When we use it we normally mean a person who looks almost exactly like you (or at least very similar) but is not related.

Doppelganger Study

Teaghan Lucas, an anthropologist at the University of New South Wales, published a study in 2015 in the International Journal of Legal Medicine. As a part of this study, she examined photographs of thousands of photographs and compared eight facial features and eight body measurements between people. Some of the facial features she examined were ear length, head circumference, and the distance between the centers of the right and left pupils.

The findings from the study were that the chances of getting an exact match in those eight facial features was one in a trillion. That number simplifies to there being about a one in 135 chance that there’s a single pair of doppelgangers with shared facial traits in the world. When examining body measurements, those chances become even more slim. The odds of an exact match in the eight body measurements was one in a quintillion. That’s a one with fifteen zeros (1,000,000,000,000,000)!

One of the conclusions that can come from this data is that body measurements are much more unique than facial features. Logically, this makes sense. There are so many other possibilies for how your body can be shaped compared to your face. It is also important to note that this study used facial recognition software to measure EXACT matches in features. To the human eye, many people’s facial features would probably look the same even if a facial recognition software would not necessarily identify them as identical.

Other Experts

  • Francois Brunelle
    • Started a project “I’m not a look-alike”
    • Photographed over 200 pairs of doubles
    • Says sometimes doubles can’t recognize the resemblance that everyone else can
    • He thinks people bond instantly with their doubles
  • Nick Fieller
    • Statistician involved in “The Computer-Aided Facial Recognition Project”
    • Says small number of genes determine face shape, so doubles are inevitable, especially with an “average” face
    • Says most people probably have a facial look-alike unless they have a truly unique face
  • Daniele Podini
    • Forensic molecular biologist at George Washington University
    • Says environment is very important
    • Says identical twins raised in different areas with different living conditions could change the way they look

‘Twin Stranger’ Project

Three friends in Ireland (Niamh Geaney, Terence Mazanga, and Harry English) set out on a challenge: they wanted to find their doppelgangers. The original challenge was for the friends to compete to see who could find their twin stranger in 28 days. They put out their pictures and requests on social media for people to help them meet their goal.

One of the friends, Niamh, actually ended up finding three different doppelgangers! And the resemblances are crazy! Years later the project is still going on https://twinstrangers.net/. You can upload your own picture to try and find your own doppelganger.

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References

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Three – Vocabulary

When someone is trying to sound fancy or old-fashioned, what words do they choose to use? When imitating (or for some people, mocking) Shakespeare, what words do people choose to include? It is likely that today’s vocabulary words would be included in those examples. Today we’re going to change things up a bit and instead of focusing on one vocabulary word, we’re focusing on a set of words that are all related. Today’s vocab words are…

THOU, THEE, THY, THINE, THYSELF, YE

You might easily be able to see the connection between most of these words (except for one that tends to stand out), but really they all have one important similarity. YOU! Watch the video or keep reading below to dive into today’s vocabulary words.

The chart above shows the difference between all of these words. Basically “thou” and “thee: just translate directly to the pronoun “you” in modern-day. The difference between when to use “thou” and when to use “thee” depended on where they were located in the sentence. “Thou” was a subjective/nominative pronoun (like the word “I”). That means that it was used when the pronoun was being used as the subject of a sentence or clause. For example: Thou art (are) as beautiful as a rose. Since it’s the subject of the sentence, we would use “thou” instead of “thee”. The word “thee” was objective, meaning it was used as the object of a verb or preposition, which typically meant it came later in the sentence. For example: I bought a present for thee.

“Thy”, “thine”, and “thyself” translate directly to “your”, “yours”, and “yourself”. The difference between “thy” and “thyself” depended on whether or not the word was describing a word that came after it. “Thy” was used when there was a noun following it, and it was used to describe who owned it. For example: Make sure to bring thy pencil to class. The word “pencil” is being described by the word “thy”. (Whose pencil? Thy, or your, pencil.) “Thine” was used when the word being described was located elsewhere in the sentence. For example: The pencil is thine. It’s still describing pencil, but the word “pencil” doesn’t come right after it this time.

Lastly we have the word “ye”. It basically was a way to talk directly to a group of people (you all). Similar to “thou”, it was originally used as the subjective/nominative form of the pronoun. The objective form was actually the word “you”, so that word wasn’t just invented after all of this “thou” and “thee” business.

So why did we stop using “thou”?

Basically, language changes over time, and these words are no exception. “You” and “Your” started to be used to describe people of higher social standing (“your majesty”) or for social equals. Thou started to be used for people of lower social standing or just casually in a friendly/informal way. Eventually the more formal variation became the acceptable way to speak and the informal pronoun was dropped.

Also, fun fact, many Quakers believed using “you” was inappropriate. In 1660 a Quaker named George Fox wrote a whole 200 page book on the subject. (It was called “A Battle-Door for Teachers & Professors to Learn Singular & Plural; You to Many, and Thou to One: Singular One, Thou; Plural Many, You.”) Some people were even beaten or abused for using “you”.

This great article from Merriam-Webster explains the reasoning in a little more detail.


Sentences/Additional Forms

Original Sentence: If thine enemy wrong thee, buy each of his children a drum.

“Translated” Sentence: If your enemy wrongs you, buy each of his children a drum.

Sentence from the chapter: “Mind thy manners, thou young beggar” (p. 9)

But wait, there’s more!

Here are a few words/phrases where you can find this week’s vocab words:

  1. Holier-than-thou
  2. “Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou, Romeo?”
  3. fare thee well
  4. (something), thy name is (someone or something) [For example: Jealousy, thy name is Jeremy]
  5. Religious texts/songs (including Christmas songs)

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References

https://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/

Why Read Classics?

With so many different books to choose from, some people are moving away from the stories that are considered “Classics” for a number of reasons. Some people think they are outdated and irrelevant, some think they are too hard, and others say that we need to expand our reading horizons beyond words written by dead white guys. I do not necessarily disagree with these or any arguments that people make against Classics, but I also think there can be many arguments made for why we should still include them in our reading repertoire.

Challenging yourself makes you grow as a reader. One of the main things that helps people of all ages to grow as readers is reading, reading, reading! Reading is a great way to increase reading speed and vocabulary. One of the reasons people struggle with reading Classics is because the vocabulary sometimes acts as a barrier to enjoyment. But reading books that have unknown words is an important step in allowing your vocabulary to grow.

Even from a young age, students are taught to choose “just right” books, meaning not too easy or too hard. Sometimes it is nice to read books that are below your reading level (or those where you already know all the words). But every so often it is important to mix in a more challenging text. Even as an adult!

You want to be careful not to choose books that are too above your reading level though, and that’s where Pontes Books can help. Since we offer seven different versions of books like The Prince and the Pauper, it’s possible to find one that is “just right” for any reader. Parallel text versions add another level because you can challenge yourself to read the original version, but can have a modified version there for support when you need it as well.

Read the original in order to understand future iterations and allusions. Once you’ve read a Classic, you tend to notice it being referenced all over the place. References to Shakespeare plays pop up in a variety of different places, including tv shows, advertisements, song lyrics, and more! Whether it be the settings, characters, famous quotes, or major plot points, it’s always exciting to be able to be able to identify the source of the allusion. Literally as I type this there was just a Julius Caesar reference in the show I am watching (Community S4:Ep. 10 – “Beware the ides of March”).

In addition to references, Classics are often remade and parodied over and over again. The Prince and the Pauper, as an example, has lead to a multitude of different remakes. There are things like The Princess and the Pauper, a Barbie version (there’s also a Barbie version called The Princess and the Popstar) and Freaky Friday, the story of a mother and daughter switching bodies. These and so many more are examples of modern-day retellings of Mark Twain’s classic tale. Reading the originals allow you to understand the modern stories on a deeper level.

The stories have been around this long for a reason. Speaking from experience, not every Classic I’ve read has been added to my top 10 book list. Some have dragged on and on and it’s been a struggle to finish them. But the vast majority that I’ve read have been exciting, funny, and full of depth. People wouldn’t still be reading these old stories if there wasn’t something good in them! Of course there are pieces of the stories that have become outdated or even offensive by today’s standards. But at the root of most of these stories is a lasting theme that still rings true today.

Take The Prince and the Pauper as an example. One of the main themes is the concept that the grass is not always greener on the other side. This idea of wanting a life that is vastly different from your own is not a foreign concept. I would imagine that virtually everyone has wanted fame and fortune at some point, and those that have it probably wish for a “normal” life, at least from time to time. There’s a reason this story keeps being retold again and again; it’s something that everyone wishes they could do in real life! These stories can suck you in and transport you to a different time and place in a way that modern novels sometimes cannot do.

In addition to lasting themes, Classics include descriptive language that is almost poetic to read. Although it may sometimes take some effort to decipher what the authors were trying to say, they truly treated the page like a blank canvas to fill with their beautifully artistic words.

Here are some lists of must-read Classics created by other people if you’re looking for one to read next…besides the Pontes Books versions of The Prince and the Pauper, of course ;-).

If you have any questions, contact us at admin@pontesbooks.com.

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The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Two – Historical Tidbit

Today’s blog and video focuses on one of the most ominous landmarks in London. Mentioned briefly in Chapter 2 of the The Prince and the Pauper, this place is well-known to this day. For Chapter 2 we are exploring…

The Tower of London

The Tower of London has a dark history that includes housing some of the most famous prisoners in England’s past. Though it is only brought up once in Chapter 2, it is important to England’s past and present, including in The Prince and the Pauper. Keep reading or watch the video below to know more.

Here is the excerpt from Chapter 2 where we see the Tower referenced:

“Tom could always find something going on around the Maypole in Cheapside, and at the fairs; and now and then he and the rest of London had a chance to see a military parade when some famous unfortunate was carried prisoner to the Tower, by land or boat. One summer’s day he saw poor Anne Askew and three men burned at the stake in Smithfield, and heard an ex-Bishop preach a sermon to them which did not interest him. ” (p. 5)

What was the Tower?

  • Built in the 1070s by William the Conqueror
  • Took about 20 years to build
  • Had many uses over the years
    • Imprison rivals and enemies to the king/queen
    • Protected kings/queens and their possessions (including the Crown Jewels)
    • Arms/armour were made, tested, and stored here
    • Controlled the supply of the nation’s money

Famous Prisoners

  • Anne Boleyn
  • Henry VIII modernized rooms in order to prepare for her coronation
  • She stayed in these same rooms before being executed
  • Lady Jane Grey
  • Edward VI’s cousin (Henry VIII’s niece)
  • Held the crown for nine days after Edward VI

Image: The Last Moments of Lady Jane Grey

  • Anne Askew
  • Went to Henry VIII to request a divorce from her husband (denied)
  • Arrested on suspicion of heresy 
  • Later released and arrested again
  • Was later tortured and killed

Is the Tower still around?

Yes! You can still visit the Tower of London in London, England. It is a World Heritage Site, which means it is a protected historical site. When visiting, you can view the Crown Jewels, which are a collection of sacred objects that have been important to the royal families over the years.

Supposedly, the Tower is also haunted, which is a draw for some people. Anne Boleyn’s ghost is one that is said to haunt the Tower. Additionally, there are two young boys who were killed in the Tower, and supposedly their ghosts haunt it as well.

In addition to the ghosts that call the place home, some of the guards and their families actually live within the walls of the Tower. So at the end of the day, when all the tourists go home, they have the place to themselves. There is even a pub within the walls that they can visit.

But wait, there were a few other references I didn’t know as well…

Looking back to the passage from The Prince and the Pauper, there were a few other historical references that Twain threw in there:

  • Cheapside – a street and market; one of the largest wealthy areas in London; along many processional routes (including for executions)
  • Smithfield – common location for executions

Tower of London in Pop Culture

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References

https://www.hrp.org.uk/tower-of-london/history-and-stories/the-story-of-the-tower-of-london/#gs.j09dsp

https://spartacus-educational.com/TUDaskew.htm

https://spartacus-educational.com/TUDaskew.htm

https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryMagazine/DestinationsUK/The-Elms-Smithfield/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tower_of_London_in_popular_culture

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Two – Fun Fact

For Chapter 2 we’re changing things up a bit and instead of focusing on a Current Event, we’re looking at a fun fact! Have you ever truly found yourself getting lost in a book that you are reading? Have you ever been so into that book that you actually started to act like one of the characters? Today our fun fact focuses on…

ACTING LIKE A FICTIONAL CHARACTER

One of the things that happens in Chapter 2 of The Prince and the Pauper is that, after hearing enough stories about princes, Tom Canty actually begins to act like a prince. So we at Pontes Books asked ourselves, can people really start acting like the fictional characters they read about? Keep reading or check out the video below to find out!

Did you know?

Reading a book told through the eyes of a fictional character can actually affect the way you interact with the world.

A study at Ohio State University found that it is possible to take on the personality traits of a fictional character in a book that you read. It’s called “experience-taking”. In doing this, we merge our own lives with the character that we are reading about.

One of the scenarios featured in the research study was a test to see different factors and the effect they had on people’s likeliness to vote. The way they did this was by having college students read short stories about characters who encountered certain obstacles to voting. The stories featured different scenarios, one of which being the university that the character attended. In some cases, the main character attended the same university as the student reading the story. In some cases, they attended a different university. In some cases, the story was written in first person, and in other cases it was written in third person. In the cases where students read a story where the main character went to the same university as them, and especially for the stories that were written in first person, the students were more likely to have actually voted in an upcoming election.

Now obviously there is no way to prove without a doubt that reading the story with a particular version of the story is what caused the students to go out and vote, but the study suggests that it likely played a part. This means that reading a fictional story can actually influence you to act like a character in a story (though obviously this is a different situation than what happens in The Prince and the Pauper). But the general principle can still be applied: fictional stories can have an effect on your real life.

Other Implications from the Study

In addition to those findings, there were some other implications that can be taken from this study:

  • Your attitude toward people from particular groups (such as specific sexualities and races) can be influence by what you read.
  • You are more likely to act like the character if you are from the same “group” as them.
  • You are more likely to be empathetic toward people from another “group” if you find out their identity toward the end of the story, rather than right at the beginning.
  • You are less likely to act or deeply connect to a character in a movie because it is not told in first person.

So the next time you are reading and you find yourself lost in a book, remember it could affect your life!

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References

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Two – Vocabulary

Now that we’ve covered a vocabulary word, current event, and historical tidbit for Chapter 1, we’ll be focusing on Chapter 2 for the next two weeks. We begin with the Chapter 2 vocabulary word which is…

OFFAL!

The word “offal” is an interesting one for many reasons. It is featured on many different occasions in The Prince and the Pauper in all different Pontes Books versions. Although this word appears many times in the story, the word meaning does not actually play a large part in the plot. Rather, it is a fun easter egg that Mark Twain includes in the story only for those who understand its meaning. Check out the video or read the blog below to find out more!

OFFAL

DEFINITION

(n) The internal organs of an
animal; garbage
FACTS/CHARACTERISTICS

leftover parts of animals after
food preparation; still edible
EXAMPLES

animal kidney
animal liver
animal intestines
NON-EXAMPLES

animal muscle
animal bone

Etymology

  • Language of Origin: Old English
  • “off” + “fall”
  • Meaning/Interpretation: that which is allowed to “fall off” the butcher’s block as being of little use

  • Language of Origin: Middle Dutch, German
  • “Afvall”, “Abvall”
  • Meaning/Interpretation: garbage, rubbish

Homophone “awful” has no connection to meaning

Sentences/Additional Forms

  • Straightforward sentence: The butcher prepared the cow meat to sell, but set aside the offal.
  • Sentence from the chapter: “The house which Tom’s father lived in was up a foul little pocket called Offal Court, out of Pudding Lane.” (p. 3)
  • Other forms: n/a

But wait, there’s more!

Have you heard of dishes like chitlins, pate, sweetbread, foie gras, or haggis? Do you know what all of these things have in common? They are all dishes that involve cooking using offal! The parts of animals that we usually consider to be disposable can actually make some pretty delicious, and in some cases highly desireable, dishes.

Chef Andrew Zimmern has a whole collection of recipes devoted to cooking using offal on his website. The competition cooking show <a rel=”noreferrer noopener” href=”http://&lt;!– wp:paragraph –> <p>Chef Andrew Zimmern has a whole collection of recipes devoted to cooking using offal on <a href=”https://andrewzimmern.com/recipe_main_ingredient/offal/&#8221; data-type=”URL” data-id=”https://andrewzimmern.com/recipe_main_ingredient/offal/”>his website</a>. The show </p> Chopped also has featured many episodes where offal is featured as a mystery ingredient that must be incorporated into dishes.

The following are also a few of the most popular dishes including offal that can be found around the world:

Most Popular Offal Dishes

  1. Foie gras (France, Europe) – fatty liver
  2. Haggis (Scotland, Europe) – sheep’s innards and other ingredients typically cooked inside an animal’s stomach
  3. Tripas (Mexico, North America)  – pig/cow intestines, often as a taco filling 
  4. Kokorec (Turkey, Asia) – small/large intestine grilled over charcoal 
  5. Kebda Eskandarani (Alexandria, Egypt) – fried beef liver with spicy seasonings

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References

https://www.etymonline.com/word/offal

https://www.tasteatlas.com/most-popular-offal-dishes-in-the-world

How to Read a Parallel Text

Since there are seven different Pontes Books versions of the The Prince and the Pauper, it can be a little confusing knowing which ones are right for you. In our previous blog post we gave some recommendations regarding how to decide which books to choose. This post is focusing specifically on our parallel text versions (orange, purple, and pink).

How to find the books:

  • All of the books are available on Amazon (try seaching “The Prince and the Pauper Pontes Books”), but since this company and these novels are brand new, they don’t always show up initially in search results on Amazon. The easiest way to get direct links to all the different versions is to visit our Products Page.

What are parallel texts? Our parallel text versions include TWO BOOKS IN ONE! A parallel text is a version of a story that includes two different versions presented side-by-side. (see below)

In The Prince and the Pauper orange, purple, and pink versions, the left page is always from the original (or red) version and the right page is always from one of the bridge versions. See how the different versions combine below:

Since most people are not used to reading texts in this way, we at Pontes Books came up with a few ideas for how to read this style of text. It is important to note that most of these recommendations are with teachers teaching The Prince and the Pauper in mind; however, they can apply to anyone reading the book!

You should notice that all of the suggestions listed above involve reading the both the left and right pages (original and bridge versions). If you are going to get a parallel text version, it’s important to always try to read the original as much as posssible. The bridge version is meant to be a support, but the ultimate goal is to be able to read the original side without relying on the bridge version at all. The suggestions listed above all help to work toward this goal in different ways.

The most thorough way to read the story (and also therefore the slowest way to read the story) is the third option (highlight unknown words/phrases on the left and their equivalent words/phrases on the right). Although this may be a slow process, it really helps to connect the trickier words and phrases to more modern translations, which ultimately help to build vocabulary skills in particular.

It is also important to point out that some of these steps might be more difficult to do when using the pink version. Since the amount of text in the white version has been cut in half, you cannot always find the equivalent words and phrases in the bridge version in this particular parallel text. The best strategies for the pink version would be any that go page-by-page (either starting on the left side or pre-reading on the right side) because the content covered on the page will be the same in both versions, but it might not go paragraph-by-paragraph.

If you have any questions, contact us at admin@pontesbooks.com.

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The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter One – Historical Tidbit

Since The Prince and the Pauper is a historical fiction text, there are plenty of historical references added in by Mark Twain. Some of these references are common knowledge and some are obscure. Here at Pontes Books we are going to pick one historical reference to explore further for each chapter. For Chapter 1 we are exploring…

The importance of Edward VI’s birth!

As royal births go, Edward VI’s was one of the most famously anticipated ever. In order to understand why his birth was so important, it is necessary to review King Henry VIII’s history. Watch the video below or keep reading to get a quick overview of his backstory.

Henry VIII (Edward’s father in the story and real life) is known for having six wives. There are numerous stories, movies, and documentaries detailing the ups and downs of all of those relationships. He’s so famous for his six wives, that there’s even a rhyme that has been developed in order to remember the fates of his six wives:

divorced, beheaded, died; divorced beheaded survived

Henry VIII’s First Wife/Child

  • Catherine of Aragon
  • Married her when he was 17 (six weeks after becoming king)
  • She had three sons and three daughters who almost all died as infants
  • Only one daughter survived, Mary

Henry’s Annulment/Divorce

  • About 20 years later
  • Henry was worried Catherine was cursed
  • He was also in love with another woman
  • He asked for an annulment from the pope so he could remarry, and was turned down
  • He decided he didn’t need permission and left the Catholic church, and took all of England with him, thereby creating the Church of England (Anglican Church)

Henry VIII’s Second Wife/Child

  • Anne Boleyn
  • Gave birth to another girl, Elizabeth
  • Delivered a stillborn son
  • Henry lost interest in her and became interested in another woman
  • Anne ended up being beheaded for treason

Henry VIII’s Third Wife/Child

  • Jane Seymour
  • Gave birth to a son, Edward VI (one of the protagonists)
  • She died two weeks later
  • Henry ended up marrying three more times, but had no more children

Why was a male heir so important?

At this time in England, there had never been a ruling queen, so Henry needed a son to continue the royal line. The reign of the Tudor family (Henry’s family) was especially fragile because he was only the second king in the family line. His father, Henry VII, had come to power through military victory rather than through his bloodline. Therefore, the family’s power had not yet been fully established in England. He believed without a male heir, his power could easily be usurped.

Where can I learn more about Henry VIII and Edward VI?

1. Visit England – If you have the means, take a trip to England to visit the many sites related to King Henry VIII. His primary residence was Hampton Court, located near London. Here you can learn all about Henry VIII, his six wives, his children, and his legacy. There are other locations scattered around that also relate to the Tudor family.

2. TV shows and movies – The story of the Tudor family, in particular Henry VIII, have gained attention around the world. It is a commonly-told story that appears in many different TV shows and movies, some of which are pictured above. It is important to note that many of the depictions of King Henry VIII’s life involve adult topics and therefore have an “R” or equivalent rating.

3. ‘Six’ the Musical – There is a new musical coming to Broadway in Summer 2021 (It was originally supposed to open on Broadway the day that it shut down due to COVID-19). It got its start overseas in the UK, made a run on West End, did a tour through the US, and now is finally landing on Broadway. The show tells the story of Henry VIII’s six wives from their perspective, with a feminist twist on the often-told story. The music is extremely catchy and it is refreshing to see this story retold through a more modern lens. You should definitely check it out if you have the chance!

References

https://www.history.com/topics/british-history/henry-viii#section_2

https://www.bbc.co.uk/teach/what-did-king-henry-vii-really-want-from-a-wife/zh9s2sg#:~:text=A%20male%20heir%20was%20crucial,on%20conquest%20rather%20than%20heritage.

https://www.triphistoric.com/explore/articles/the-best-king-henry-viii-sites-to-visit

https://www.imdb.com/search/keyword/?keywords=king-henry-viii

https://sixonbroadway.com/

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter One – Current Event

Since The Prince and the Pauper is a Classic story, many would say it’s old-fashioned, out-of-date, and no longer relevant. However, there are still many themes and ideas that are completely relevant today! Each chapter, we’ll focus on a modern-day connection to the events that are happening at that point. This post we’re focusing on…

ROYAL BABIES!

As Chapter 1 is all about the birth of the prince (and the pauper), it is easy to connect that to some modern day examples, as there are still royal babies being born all around the world. Check out the video below or keep reading to find out more.

Our closest connection we can make to the birth of Edward VI in the story is to take a look at the royal family in modern-day England. If you were alive in 2013 then you probably remember all of the hype surrounding the first child of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, William and Kate. Their first son, George, was born on July 33, 2013 at 4:24pm in Paddington, London.

George’s birth placed him third in line for the throne, after his father William and his grandfather Charles. Similar to Edward VI, Prince George also has two siblings, Charlotte and Louis, though they are younger than him, whereas Edward is the youngest in his family (and technically his sisters are half-sisters).

Reactions Around the World

In The Prince and the Pauper, Edward’s death was highly celebrated. People in England had long been awaiting the prince’s birth, and there was great celebration on the day he was born. Similarly, there were celebrations far and wide for the birth of Prince George modern-day. However, there were some people and countries that felt all the hype for this royal baby was outdated and even harmful. See the reactions from a few of the countries around the world below:

Australia:

  • Made a donation to a research project to save the bilby, an Australian desert rat
  • Northern Territory named a crocodile George and put it on display in northern Australia along with the crocodiles Kate and William

Canada:

  • Lit up the parliament building a blue color
  • Suggested Canadian citizens make a donation to a charity in Kate and William’s honor

Russia:

  • “I don’t care about the heir. The British monarchy … destroyed our state. The birth of another British monarch, who will suck our blood, cannot bring us any kind of happiness.”

Iran:

  • “Today, the British public – grinding under massive austerity budget cuts, unemployment, poverty wages, social deprivations and crumbling services – are thrown scraps of feelgood comfort from the much hyped event. The attitude is silly at best and escapist Prince Charming syndrome on steroids at worst.”

Kenya:

  • Had a black bull and goat waiting to be presented

Other Babies Born on July 22, 2013

The whole concept of The Prince and the Pauper stems from the idea that there were two babies born on the same day, a prince and a pauper. So how many other babies were also born the same day as Prince George? It turns out that in the world there were 384,736 babies born that day! If you break that down by the second that’s over four babies per second! Maybe one day Prince George and one of these other babies will meet and we’ll have a sequel on our hands!

Other Royal Babies Around the World

Prince George and his siblings aren’t the only royal children who get their share of time in the spotlight; there are still monarchies all over the world where the children being born today will one day rule (or at least just continue being in the spotlight).

A few (certainly not all) of of these royal babies are featured below:

References

https://www.royal.uk/prince-george

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/jul/26/royal-baby-prince-george-world-media-reaction

https://population.un.org/wpp/

https://www.newsday.com/entertainment/celebrities/royal-babies-around-the-world-1.5740853

https://www.townandcountrymag.com/society/tradition/g33015994/royal-children-photos-2020/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moulay_Hassan,_Crown_Prince_of_Morocco