The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Eleven – Current Event

Royals, especially in the time of King Henry VIII (and Edward VI), had seemingly unlimited power. They were able to make decisions without consulting anyone else if they wanted. But do any of these privileges translate to modern-day? Today we explore a power that both ancient kings and modern-day presidents (at least in the United States) have in common…

PRESIDENTIAL PARDONS

At the end of Chapter 11, Tom becomes the acting King. His first act is to release the Duke of Norfolk so that he will no longer be killed. Is this something that a president in the United States would have the ability to do as well? Keep reading or watch the video below to see what I found out.

Reference in The Prince and the Pauper

“Tom responded, in a strong, earnest voice, and with great animation—
‘Then shall the king’s law be law of mercy, from this day, and never more be law of blood! Up from thy knees and away! To the Tower, and say the King decrees the Duke of Norfolk shall not die!’” (p. 58)

What gives the president the power to pardon?

  • In the U.S. Constitution (Article II, Section 2, Clause 1)
  • The president “shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offenses against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment”
  • Can only be issued for federal crimes (full pardon, amnesty, commutation, remit fines/forfeitures, issue reprieve)

Pardons from Obama

  • December 19, 2016
  • President Barack Obama pardoned 78 people
  • Also shortened the sentences of 153 others
  • Highest number of individual clemencies in one day (make punishment less harsh)
  • Focused mostly on shortening sentences for those in prison for drug crimes

Pardons from Trump

  • January 19, 2021
  • President Donald Trump pardoned 74 people
  • One less than an hour before President Joe Biden was sworn in
  • Included:
    • Stephen Bannon (former white house chief strategist)- wire fraud and money laundering
    • Lil Wayne (rapper) – federal weapons charge

Clemency Statistics, by president

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References

https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/donald-trump/trump-pardons-steve-bannon-along-dozens-others-final-hours-office-n1254754

https://constitutioncenter.org/blog/how-the-president-grants-pardons-under-the-constitution#:~:text=The%20clause%20says%20the%20president,be%20issued%20for%20impeachment%20cases

https://newsela.com/read/obama-pardons/id/25202/?search_id=a102e7c3-4e99-42ec-8320-40c496b83577

https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/donald-trump/full-list-trump-s-last-minute-pardons-commuted-sentences-n1254806

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