The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Seven – Current Event

In Chapter 27 of The Prince and the Pauper, Edward really comes to the realization that the laws of England are cruel. He experiences this first-hand and then vows to go back and make changes when he is finally back on the throne. In the Chapter 27 Current Event, we explore a story of another boss who has learned the truth behind his company’s policies…

MARK TAYLOR

Keep reading or watch the video below to find out more.

Reference in The Prince and the Pauper

“ The King’s eye burned with passion.  He said—

‘None believe in me—neither wilt thou.  But no matter—within the compass of a month thou shalt be free; and more, the laws that have dishonoured thee, and shamed the English name, shall be swept from the statute books.  The world is made wrong; kings should go to school to their own laws, at times, and so learn mercy.’ ” (p. 170)

Here we see Edward reflecting on his experience meeting prisoners in and English prison.

Who is Mark Taylor?

  • Managing Director of Pickfords, Britain’s largest and oldest removal and storage company (around for over 400 years)
  • Mark started as a trainee in 1986
  • Wasn’t highly educated
  • Now a millionaire
  • Decided to go undercover to find why it’s hard to recruit Pickfords staff

What happened?

  • Disguised himself as “Dave”
  • Discovers the brutal living conditions some of his employees face when working overnight jobs for his company
  • He also discovers one of his teams had been relocated and they were working out of a shipping container

So what does he do about it?

  • Hundreds of thousands of children may have gone missing in the last 40 years
  • He said: “This experience has taught me we need to have a better level of pay and give them a direct career path. It’s not just about the money it’s about praising people, listening, they know they’re being looked out for.”
  • He vowed to make some major changes
    • Invest money for a company-wide pay increase
    • He will increase night out allowance
    • Gives check to some individual workers

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References

https://www.the-sun.com/entertainment/tv/3506772/undercover-boss-mark-taylor-staff-sleep-vans-2/

https://www.mirror.co.uk/tv/tv-news/undercover-boss-mark-taylor-blows-24795781

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Seven – Historical Tidbit

Our Historical Tidbit for today focuses on one of the saddest moments in The Prince and the Pauper. Two women in the story suffer a tragic fate because of their religion. Today’s Historical Tidbit is about…

HERESY IN TUDOR ENGLAND

Keep reading or watch the video below to learn more.

While Edward is serving time in prison, he meets a number of different prisoners and finds himself moved by their stories. Among the prisoners he meets are two women.

He asked them why they were in prison, and when they said they were Baptists, he smiled, and inquired—

‘Is that a crime to be shut up for in a prison?  Now I grieve, for I shall lose ye—they will not keep ye long for such a little thing.’

They did not answer; and something in their faces made him uneasy. He said, eagerly—

‘You do not speak; be good to me, and tell me—there will be no other punishment?  Prithee tell me there is no fear of that.’

In the centre of the court stood two women, chained to posts.  A glance showed the King that these were his good friends.”  (p. 166-167) 

Heresy in Tudor England

  • Heresy – belief contrary to a particular religion
  • In Tudor England, the official religion changed often
  • Those who did not follow the current religion were charged with both heresy and treason

How the Tudors dealt with Heresy

  • Henry VIII (Catholic > Protestant) – Many were executed for heresy/treason during Henry VIII’s reign
  • Edward VI (Protestant) – There were only two executions for heresy
  • Mary I (Catholic) – 283 people were burned at the stake for heresy
  • Elizabeth I (Protestant) – 4 Catholics put to death as heretics; 250 Catholics executed for treason

Punishments for Heresy Over Time

  • Pilgrimage
  • Whipping
  • Being burned at the stake
  • Torture
  • Others


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References

https://spartacus-educational.com/TUDheretics.htm

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zy7nqhv/revision/3

https://www.history.com/topics/religion/inquisition

https://www.britannica.com/topic/heresy

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Seven – Vocabulary

Our vocab words for The Prince and the Pauper Chapter 27 focuses on a collection of old-fashioned words that we don’t really use any more, but that are really fun to say!. The vocab words are…

HITHER (AND THITHER AND WHITHER)

Keep reading or watch the video below see how these words are used in The Prince and the Pauper.

HITHER (AND THITHER AND WHITHER)

Sentences/Additional Forms

  • Straightforward sentence: Whither are you going to school next year?
  • Sentence from the chapter: “Now and then a wintry wind shivered through the place and sent the snow eddying hither and thither” (p. 167)
  • Other forms: whence = from where; hence = from here; thence = from there

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References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locative_adverb

https://jonhaines.com/2015/07/15/whither-hither-thither-in-english-greek-and-latin/

https://www.unitednow.com/Dr.-Seuss-Directional-Signs-Mini-Bulletin-Board-Set-by-Eureka

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Six – Fun Fact

Can you tell when someone is lying to you? Are you sure? Or do you think you are good at lying? Today’s Fun Fact for The Prince and the Pauper Chapter 26 focuses on…

SIGNS THAT SOMEONE IS LYING

Keep reading or watch the video below for more information.

Reference in The Prince and the Pauper

“A faint tinge appeared for a moment in the lady’s cheek, and she dropped her eyes to the floor; but her voice betrayed no emotion when she proceeded…” (p. 160)

Detecting Lies

  • Lies can be hard to detect
  • One study found people could detect lies 54% of the time
  • Trust your instincts
  • Don’t rely on body language alone
  • Ask them to tell their story in reverse

Detecting Lies

  1. Change in speech patterns
  2. The use non-congruent gestures
  3. Not saying enough
  4. Saying too much
  5. An unusual rise or fall in vocal tone
  6. Direction of their eyes
  7. Covering their mouth or eyes
  8. Excessive fidgeting
  9. Finger pointing
  10. Self-identifying as a “good liar”

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References

https://www.forensicscolleges.com/blog/resources/10-signs-someone-is-lying

https://www.verywellmind.com/how-to-tell-if-someone-is-lying-2795917

https://www.dreamstime.com/illustration/lie-telling.html

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Six – Historical Tidbit

Our Historical Tidbit for today focuses on an important detail from Chapter 26. Though the detail in the story is fictional, we can still make some comparisons to real life. Today’s Historical Tidbit is about…

LETTERS FROM EDWARD VI

Keep reading or watch the video below to learn more.

In this chapter, Edward realizes that no one has come looking for him, which he finds extremely odd. To remedy this situation, he decides to send a letter in three languages to prove who he is:

“ ‘But I have a plan that shall right us both—I will write a paper, in three tongues—Latin, Greek and English—and thou shalt haste away with it to London in the morning. Give it to none but my uncle, the Lord Hertford; when he shall see it, he will know and say I wrote it. Then he will send for me.’ ” (p. 157)

Edward’s Letter to the dean and chapter of Exeter

‘Edward

Trustie and welbiloved we grete youe well. And whereas the right reverend father in god our right trusty and welbiloved the bishop of Excetre hath passed a certaine graunte under his seale unto our right trustie and welbiloved comisineor Sir Willm paget knight of our ordre and comptroller of our household w[hi]ch we send unto you herewith. Nothing doubting of your conformitie to do us gratuitie and pleasour we desire and praye you to conforme the said graunte under yor chapiter seale and send the same unto us by this bearer whereby you shall do us pleasure w[hi]ch we will consider accordingly. Geven under our Signet at our pallaice of Westmr the xth of February the secound yere of our regne.

E. Somerset’

Edward’s Letter to Queen Katharine Parr

(translated from original Latin)

As I was so near to you, and saw you, or expected to see you every day, I wrote no letter to you, since letters are tokens of remembrance and kindness between those who are at a great distance.  But being urged by your request, I would not abstain longer from writing; first, that I may do what is acceptable to you, and then to answer the letter you wrote to me when you were at St. James’s, in which, first, you set before my eyes the great love you bear my father the king, of most noble memory, then your good will towards me, and lastly, your godliness and knowledge, and learning in the Scriptures. Proceed, therefore, in your virtuous course; continue to love my father, and to show the same great kindness to me which I have ever perceived in you. Cease not to love and read the Scriptures, but persevere in always reading them; for in the first you show the duty of a good wife and a good subject, and in the second, the warmth of your friendship, and in the third, your piety to God.

     Wherefore, since you love my father, I cannot but much esteem you; since you love me, I cannot but love you in return; and since you love the word of God, I do love and admire you with my whole heart. Wherefore, if there be anything wherein I may do you a kindness, either in word or deed, I will do it willingly.

Farewell, this 30th of May.


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References

http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/edwardtoparr1548.htm

https://www.manuscripts.co.uk/stock/20863.HTM

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Six – Vocabulary

Our vocab word for The Prince and the Pauper Chapter 26 focuses on a commonly-used verb. The vocab word is…

PROCEEDED

Keep reading or watch the video below see how the word ‘proceeded’ is used in The Prince and the Pauper.

PROCEEDED

DEFINITION

(v.) went in an orderly, regulated way
FACTS/CHARACTERISTICS

often after a pause or interruption
EXAMPLES

progressed
advanced
came along
NON-EXAMPLES

remained
stayed
stopped

Etymology

  • Language of Origin: Latin
  • procedere = “pro” (forward) + “cedere” (to go)

Sentences/Additional Forms

  • Straightforward sentence: After a brief stop at the station, the train proceeded on its way.
  • Sentence from the chapter: “…she dropped her eyes to the floor; but her voice betrayed no emotion when she proceeded…” (p. 160)
  • Other forms: proceeding (adj., n.), proceeder (n.)

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References

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mutter

https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/continue-statement-in-java/

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-five – Current Event

In Chapter 25 of The Prince and the Pauper, Miles Hendon returns home after being gone for a very long time. There are numerous examples of similar situations in the real world, one of which we will focus on today. In the Chapter 25 Current Event, we explore…

Guo Gangtang

Keep reading or watch the video below to find out more.

Reference in The Prince and the Pauper

“ ‘What! thou art not jesting? can the dead come to life?  God be praised if it be so!  Our poor lost boy restored to our arms after all these cruel years!  Ah, it seems too good to be true, it is too good to be true—I charge thee, have pity, do not trifle with me!  Quick—come to the light—let me scan thee well!’

‘Go on, brother, go on, and fear not; thou’lt find nor limb nor feature that cannot bide the test.  Scour and scan me to thy content, my good old Hugh—I am indeed thy old Miles, thy same old Miles, thy lost brother, is’t not so?  Ah, ’tis a great day—I said ’twas a great day!  Give me thy hand, give me thy cheek—lord, I am like to die of very joy!’ ” (p. 153) 

Here we see Miles bringing Edward back through his own village with a final destination of Hendon Hall.

Who is Guo Gangtang?

  • A man living in China with his wife
  • 24 years ago, their 2 year old son was kidnapped
  • Guo traveled more than 300,000 miles on his motorcycle to search for his son
  • He handed out fliers since 1997
  • He went through 10 motorcycles searching

What happened?

  • On July 11, 2021 he and his wife were reunited with their son, Guo Zinzhen (now mid-20s)
  • A DNA test proved that this was the boy Guo had been looking for
  • Two people have been arrested in connection with his kidnapping

An Ongoing Issue in China

  • Hundreds of thousands of children may have gone missing in the last 40 years
  • Government officials in China are increasing efforts to track down victims and their captors
  • Chinese government set up a missing child alert system

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References

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/07/14/world/asia/guo-gangtang-china.html

https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2021/07/14/chinese-father-guo-gangtang-finds-kidnapped-son/

https://www.cnn.com/videos/world/2021/07/14/guo-gangtang-son-lost-and-love-lon-orig-na.cnn

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Five – Historical Tidbit

Our Historical Tidbit for today focuses on a concept already covered in one of our previous Vocabulary Focus blogs. It deals with a group that was very important to The Prince and the Pauper, so it’s worth taking a second look! Today’s Historical Tidbit is about…

NOBLES IN TUDOR ENGLAND

Keep reading or watch the video below to learn more.

Miles comes from a family of lesser-known nobles. Still, his home is the first glimpse we get as readers to the lives and homes of nobles at the time.

“The end of the village was soon reached; then the travellers struck into a crooked, narrow road, walled in with tall hedges, and hurried briskly along it for half a mile, then passed into a vast flower garden through an imposing gateway, whose huge stone pillars bore sculptured armorial devices. A noble mansion was before them.
‘Welcome to Hendon Hall, my King!’ exclaimed Miles. ” (p. 152)

Who are the Nobles?

  • Those ranked below the monarch but above common people
  • Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, Baron, Knight
  • About 1,500 members total
  • Generally hereditary (to a male heir)

What Did the Nobility Do?

  • Listened to petitions from people in their area
  • Social status was measured by…
    • How fancy/large is their home?
    • How many servants/attendants do they have?
  • People who successfully ran their household might be asked to go to London


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References

https://www.alison-morton.com/2014/04/03/victoria-lamb-amo-amas-amat-latin-in-tudor-england/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Latin

https://sites.fas.harvard.edu/~chaucer/vowels.html#:~:text=Old%20and%20Middle%20English%20were,to%20the%20sounds%20in%20Latin.&text=The%20Great%20Vowels%20Shift%20changed,%22%20%5BIPA%20%2Fi%2F%5D.

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Five – Vocabulary

Have you ever been upset with someone and so you say something negative about them under your breath? Our vocab word for The Prince and the Pauper Chapter 25 identifies a specific word for that action. The vocab word is…

MUTTERING

Keep reading or watch the video below see how the word ‘muttering’ is used in The Prince and the Pauper.

MUTTERING

DEFINITION

(v.) to utter sounds/words with a low voice through partially-closed lips
FACTS/CHARACTERISTICS

often portraying a negative message
EXAMPLES

whispering
mumbling
complaining
NON-EXAMPLES

yelling
speaking clearly
screaming

Etymology

  • Language of Origin: Middle English (and German)
  • muteren = “to mutter”

Sentences/Additional Forms

  • Straightforward sentence: The girl began muttering as she walked away from her brother who ate the last cookie.
  • Sentence from the chapter: “He continued walking back and forth, muttering to himself; he had forgotten the King entirely.” (p. 154)
  • Other forms: muttered (adj), mutteringly (adv)

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References

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mutter

https://www.vecteezy.com/free-vector/cartoon-mouth-talking

The Prince and the Pauper – Chapter Twenty-Four – Fun Fact

You know how when you were younger (or if you are around young kids) you would close your eyes and count to 20 while playing hide and go seek? Or maybe to 10? What about 100? Today’s Fun Fact for The Prince and the Pauper Chapter 24 focuses on…

COUNTING TO 100,000

Keep reading or watch the video below for more information.

Reference in The Prince and the Pauper

“ ‘Only that thou be blind and dumb and paralytic whilst one may count a hundred thousand—counting slowly,’ said Hendon, with the expression of a man who asks but a reasonable favour, and that a very little one.” (p. 148) 

Counting to 100,000

  • Amount of time to count to 100 (slowly)
    • 132 seconds (2 minutes 12 seconds)
  •  Amount of time to count to 1,000
    • 132 x 10 = 1320 seconds (22 minutes) 
  • Amount of time to count to 10,000 
    • 1320 x 10 = 13,200 seconds (220 minutes) (3 hours 40 minutes)
  • Amount of time to count to 100,000
    • 13,200 x 10 = 132,000 seconds (2,200 minutes) (36 hours, 40 minutes)

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References

https://www.mathsisfun.com/activity/count-billion.html

https://komodomath.com/us/blog/how-children-learn-counting-a-parents-guide